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Challenges

GenAI, while promising, presents a variety of challenges at multiple levels. These challenges can also be viewed as risks, emphasizing their significance. Although some solutions to these challenges are referenced in this document, it's important to note that these challenges are not fully 'solved'.

The challenges associated with GenAI can be broadly categorized into technical challenges and ethical challenges. Technical challenges pertain to the practical aspects of implementing and using GenAI, while ethical challenges involve the potential risks and moral implications of using GenAI.

Technical Challenges

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Technical challenges with GenAI

Hallucinations

There are a number of issues related to modle accuracy that pose challenges for GenAI models. Most prominant among them are the effect of Hallucinations. Models hallucinate, by making up facts or sentences that have no reasoanble bearing to reality.

Some studies indicate that the halluciantion-rate is related to the frequency that a fact appears only once in a data set, and that calibrated models, like those that are pre-trained, are more likely to hallucinate than those that do not have calibrated next-token predictions.

Ethical Challenges

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Ethical challenges with GenAI

In general ethical use of GenAI will necessarily be considered to address all or most of these challenges.

At a high level, the concerns for displacement and capture of people's jobs must be taken into consideration. With arguments both minimizing and amplifying the concern, estimates still have around 300 million jobs replaced by AI, according to a Goldman Sachs report. AT the same time GDP could be increased by 7% and lift productivity. It is still apparent that upskilling to enable people to work with AI as an enabling tool is important to consider.

At nearly the highest level of challenge is to have GenAI that is Aligned for the betterment of humanity and our planet and not to its detriment with dual use. Because of the expansive and moral-philosophical nature of this, as in what is defining 'betterment' it is difficult. Concretely, however, minimizing potential risks associated with GenAI, especially Autonomous Agents, are necessary to address at a functional level, both at organizations and within governments and the regulatory bodies that coordinate the two.

Job displacement

GenAI enables the automation of a large number of knowledge-based, and administrative tasks as well as creative efforts. Consequently, GenAI has already been found to enable job-displacement. In the next few years, up to 30% hours currently worked across the US economy could be automated with help of GenAI.

Upskilling

Upskilling will require training employees to use GenAI to enable their work, or to find other work that GenAI is not well-suited for.

Copywrite and IP

Related to job-displacement, the content created with GenAI remains in a precarious state with regard's to copyright and IP. While there are indications that content generated purely from AI may not be copyrighted (in the US), it is generally accepted AI can provide the basis for content that may be copyrighted. The evolution of this may take years of debate and resolution of laws to settle before confusion is fully settled.

Talkinā€™ ā€˜Bout AI Generation A thorough discussion on copyright issues

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Dual Use

The technology may be found to have dual-use, or that which is harmful, instead of helpful to end-recipients.

References